Glossary

Adega – Winery, cellar.
 
Ano – The Portuguese word for year, harvest year.
 
Bagaceira – Grape marc spirit. Made from grape skins, pips and other residuals after pressing.
 
Bruto – Brut, for a sparkling wine with sugar dosage inferior to 12g/Litre.
 
Casta – Grape variety.

Colheita – Vintage, date of harvest.

Colheita Seleccionada – “Selected Harvest”. Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with outstanding organoleptic characteristics and an alcoholic strength equal to or greater than (in 1% by vol.) the minimum threshold set as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. The use of this designation requires the indication of the harvest year.
 
Colheita tardia – Late harvest. Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine.
 
CVR – Acronym for “Comissão Vitivinícola Regional”, regional wine commission.
 
DOC (Portugal) or DOP (Europe) – The highest official European category in terms of quality, with specific rules for each region, concerning authorised grape varieties, winemaking processes, alcohol percentage...

Doce – Sweet.
 
Engarrafado – Bottled
 
Enólogo – Winemaker.
 
Escolha – Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with outstanding organoleptic characteristics as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. When associated with the harvest year, it can be designated as “Grande Escolha”.

Estágio – Ageing in bottle or cask.
 
Garrafa – Bottle.
 
Garrafeira – Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with harvest year and minimum aging: for red wine an aging of at least 30 months, of which at least 12 months in  glass bottle; for white and rose wines an aging of at least 12 months, of which at least 6 months in a glass bottle. It also stands for wine shop or wine cellar in Portuguese.
 
Grande Reserva – Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with highlighted organoleptic characteristics and an alcoholic strength equal to or greater than (in 1% by vol.) the minimum threshold set as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. The use of this designation requires the indication of the harvest year.
 
Herdade – An additional designation for an estate, usually in the south regions of Portugal.
 
IVV – Acronym for “Instituto da Vinha e do Vinho”, Portuguese public vine and wine institute.
Vinho Licoroso – Liqueur wine, fortified wine.

Lagar – Fermentation vat, often shallow, made of granite, marble, concrete ir stainless steel, in which grapes are trodden by foot or mechanically.

Meio-seco – Medium dry.
 
Monte – An additional designation for an estate, usually used in the Alentejo region.
 
Quinta / Herdade – Wine estate or property. Quinta is a designation most traditionally used at the northern part of the country and Herdade is used in the South.
 
Região – Region.
 
Reserva – Designation of Superior quality for DOP Wines which has to be certified by the certification body.

Vinho Espumante – Sparkling Wine.

Vinho Fortificado – 
Portuguese word for Fortified Wine. Wich fermentation process will be stoped by adding alcohol or brandy.

Vinho rosé – Rose wine.
 
Seco – Wines with a sugar dosage inferior to 4g/Litre.

Selecção do Enólogo – “Winemaker selection”, unofficial designation for a wine recommended by the winemaker.
 
Sub-região – sub-region.
 
Vinha – Vineyard.
 
Vinho – The Portuguese word for wine, but also the designation for ex “table wine”, wine not certified by the local wine commission and not following the rules for DOC/DOP or Vinho Regional/IGP wines.

Vinho Branco – White wine.
 
Vinho Regional (Portugal) or IGP (Europe) – With no specific area and with a wider range of rules in terms of winemaking and grape varieties. This is a category often used in top quality wines that don't fit in the DOPs requisites.
 
Vinho tinto – Red wine.

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